The Dakota transport plane was an integral part of the air war against the Germany and the Axis powers in World War II. This military variant of the DC-3 could carry 6,000 pounds of cargo or 28 fully outfitted paratroopers and even act as a flying medical bay. 10,693 saw service during the war and General Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, said ‘It is one of the four most important weapons of World War II (in Europe)”. The others were the P-51, the Sherman Tank and the Higgins Boat (landing craft). In the Pacific the p-38 was the U.S. Army Air Corps fighter credited with destroying the most Japanese planes (by the USAAC). The U.S. Navy air wings decimated the Japanese naval air arm at Midway and again in the Marianas bringing the Japanese home islands into range of the B-29 Superfortress, the planes that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6th and 9th 1945. On August 12thm the Japanese Emperor decided to surrender.