The rapid advance of the Allied armies across France and the Low Countries after the Normandy invasion stretched supply lunes so thin that the advance halted in August 1944. While supplies were available at the landing beaches there was a lack of transportation. While the supply srisis was being resolved, at the strategic level, a plan put forth my Field Marshal Montgomery was implemented: Operation Market Garden: Use airborne forces to take and hold critical bridges leading to Arnhem (in the Netherlands) while the British XXX Corps moved up to Arnhem and then pivoted into the Ruhr Valley, Germany’s industrial heartland; which could end the war. The 21st Army Group was the airborne element: The U.S. 101st to drop and hold Eindhoven, the 82nd to hold Grave and Nijmegen and the British 1st Airborne to take the bridges at Arnhem. The plan was for XX Corps to move through and reach Arnhem in two days. The airborne drops began on September 17, 1944. At Arnhem, the British forces dropped into an area and were met by two panzer divisions. By the 25th, XXX Corps was stuck south of Arnhem and the British forces had to surrender ending the campaign. Of the 10,000 British paratroopers that went in, only 2,500 returned. This was the largest airborne operation in history with over 34,000 airborne troops. It ended, as one of the staff generals put it, ‘we went a bridge too far’.