This is the story of the first African-American military aviators in the United States Armed Forces as told by the airmen themselves. During World War the American military was racially segregated. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. The 99th Pursuit Squadron (later, 99th Fighter Squadron) was the first black flying squadron, and the first to deploy overseas (to North Africa in April 1943, and later to Sicily and Italy). The 332nd Fighter Group, which originally included the 100th, 301st, and 302nd Fighter Squadrons, was the first black flying group. When the pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group painted the tails of their P-47s and later, P-51s, red, the nickname "Red Tails" was coined.