Final victory at Guadalcanal in February 1943 transitions Allies in the Pacific from defense to a posture of strategic offense. In Burma, a key to Japan’s drive toward India, Britain’s Indian Brigade begins guerilla operations against Japanese forces. American forces defeated by Germans in first encounter at Kasserine Pass in North Africa. German Army counterattacks after Stalingrad loss retaking Kharkov and Belgorod in the Ukraine and destroy 50 Soviet divisions halting Red Army advance. Profile: Low maintenance machines important to victory.